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The Ultimate Guide to Dog Coat Types: From Shorthaired to Double Coated

Updated: Jun 21

Welcome to the ultimate guide on dog coat types! Whether you're a seasoned dog owner or considering going into dog grooming, understanding different dog coat types is essential in providing proper care, maintenance and an understanding of what tools to use. From shorthaired to double coated breeds, each coat type comes with its unique characteristics and needs.

Different breeds of dogs.
The Ultimate Guide To Coat Types

In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the intricacies of dog coat types, shedding, grooming requirements, and tips for keeping your dog's coat healthy and shiny. Whether you're dealing with a Labrador Retriever, a Pomeranian, or a Siberian Husky, we've got you covered!

Inside, you'll learn about the different coat types, including smooth, wire-haired, longhaired, and double-coated breeds. We'll explore the benefits and challenges of each coat type, including shedding patterns, whether adaptability, and specific grooming techniques to keep them looking their best.

By the end of this guide, you'll be equipped with the knowledge to choose the right dog based on coat type, as well as the necessary grooming practices to ensure your furry friend stays happy and healthy. So let's dive in and uncover the fascinating world of dog coat types together!

The Ultimate Guide to Shorthaired dog breeds

Shorthaired dog breeds are known for their sleek and low-maintenance coats. These breeds have a single layer of short fur that lies close to their body, providing them with insulation and protection.

Some popular shorthaired breeds include:

  • Boxer,

  • Beagle,

  • Dalmatian,

  • Visla,

  • Dobermann.

Shorthaired dogs are generally less prone to shedding compared to other coat types, but regular grooming is still necessary to keep their coats in optimal condition - otherwise their hair will get everywhere. Short, harsh, sticky hairs attach themselves to carpets, clothes, car seats etc..

A visla dog standing in a field
The Visla - A Short Haired Breed

The answer, or at least a great help in preventing this nuisance is by brushing their fur once a week, helps to remove loose hairs and distribute natural oils, promoting a healthy and shiny coat. Additionally, occasional baths are recommended to keep their fur clean and free from dirt or odours. Shorthaired dog breeds benefit from a thorough groom with a hound glove to remove dead hair and to stimulate healthy growth.

When it comes to weather adaptability, shorthaired breeds may require extra protection during colder months. Consider investing in a dog coat or sweater to keep them warm during walks or outdoor activities. Overall, shorthaired dogs are ideal for owners who prefer a low-maintenance grooming routine without compromising on their pet's appearance and health.

The Ultimate Guide to Longhaired dog breeds

Longhaired dog breeds are known for their luxurious and flowing coats that require regular grooming to prevent matting and tangles.

These breeds, include:

  • Afghan Hound,

  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel,

  • Shih Tzu,

  • Tibetan Terrier.

Most of the longhaired breeds do not moult in the way that the short-haired types do. However, they still lose hair, and if it is not removed on a regular basis (at least a couple of times per week), then it will fall into the coat, tangle, mat and felt.

Grooming longhaired breeds can be time-consuming, but the end result is worth the effort. Daily brushing is essential to prevent matting and to keep their fur tangle-free. Pay extra attention to areas prone to matting, such as behind the ears, under the armpits, and around the tail. Thorough brushing on a daily basis, or at least three times a week, is crucial.

white haired dog
A Samoyed-A Double Coated Breed

Regular bathing is also important to maintain their coat's cleanliness and shine.

In terms of shedding, longhaired breeds tend to shed more compared to shorthaired breeds. Be prepared to invest time in vacuuming and grooming to manage the shedding. If you're considering a longhaired breed, make sure you have the time and dedication to keep their coats well-maintained.

Ultimate Guide to Double Coated dog breeds

Double coated dog breeds, as the name suggests, or thick, dense-coated breeds have a double layer of fur. The undercoat is thick and soft, while the outer coat consists of coarser and longer hairs.

Breeds such as the:

  • Siberian Husky,

  • Golden Retriever,

  • Alaskan Malamute,

  • Samoyed

When these dogs moult, they mean it. Fluffy hair will come out in handfuls.

Double coated breeds have specific grooming needs to keep their coats healthy and to manage shedding. Regular brushing is crucial, especially during shedding seasons when they "blow" their coats. This helps to remove loose hairs and prevent matting.

Using a de-shedding tool or a slicker brush can effectively remove dead hairs from the undercoat.

It's important to note that shaving a double coated breed is not recommended, as their coats provide insulation against both heat and cold. Shaving can disrupt their natural coat growth and may lead to sunburn or skin problems. Instead, opt for regular grooming and ensure they have access to shade and water during hot weather.

A regular bath and groom will remove most of the offending hair in a few hours and save yourself a considerable amount of work. The ideal shampoo to remove the dense coat would be the Clipit Deshed Shampoo. Quick and easy to use, this amazing product lifts dead coat quickly, and with the help of the Twin Turbo Blaster/Dryer, this will make grooming double coated breeds a breeze.

The Ultimate Guide to Wirehaired dog breeds

Wirehaired dog breeds have a unique coat that is rough and wiry in texture. The hairs on their coat are dense and stand upright, giving them a distinctive appearance.

Breeds such:

  • Wire Fox Terrier,

  • Airedale Terrier,

  • Schnauzer,

  • Border Terrier

  • West Highland White

Once upon a time, terriers were trimmed once a year, or every six months. Nowadays it is much more respected to keep all terriers looking smart at all times and they are trimmed regularly every six to eight weeks.

Grooming wire-haired breeds requires regular hand-stripping or professional grooming to maintain their coat's texture and appearance. Hand-stripping involves plucking out dead hairs by hand, which helps to promote healthy hair growth and maintain the desired wiry texture. This process should be done every few months to keep their coats in optimal condition.

In addition to hand-stripping, wire-haired dogs also require regular brushing to remove loose hairs and prevent matting. Occasional baths are recommended to keep their fur clean and free from dirt or odours. If you're considering a wire-haired breed, be prepared to invest time and effort into their grooming routine. If you want to know if hand stripping is right for your coat, then discover more by clicking here

Here are some links to other relevant blogs regarding hand stripping-grooming.

Curly or wavy coated dog breeds

Curly or wavy coated dog breeds have a coat that is curly or wavy in texture. These breeds, including:

  • Poodle,

  • Bichon Frise,

  • Portuguese Water Dog,

  • Bedlington Terrier

Grooming curly or wavy coated breeds can be time-consuming, as their coats tend to mat easily. On-growing coats like the Poodle's are wool-like, and they need brushing and combing regularly to prevent matting and to keep their fur tangle-free. Professional grooming is also recommended every few months to maintain their coat's shape and appearance. Clipping the curly coat keeps the dog extremely smart at a much-reduced cost.

A black dog in a field
A Cury Coated Retriever

From the age of eight weeks, or even less, the Poodle will have his feet, face and the base of his tail clipped. Poodles can also be bathed very regularly in a product like Clipit Curls shampoo. This does not harm the coat - in fact, it encourages coat growth.

When combing the coat, the hair needs to be combined from the skin downwards, so separating the hair is essential. Otherwise stubborn mats will form close to the skin, which could harbour parasites and cause scurf.

Products to use for Curly Coats

Grooming tips for specific coat types

Each coat type requires specific grooming techniques to keep them in optimal condition. Here are some additional grooming tips for specific coat types:

- For longhaired breeds, consider using a slicker brush or a comb with long teeth to remove tangles and prevent matting. If necessary, use a detangling spray to make brushing easier.

- Double coated breeds may benefit from using an undercoat rake or a de-shedding tool during shedding seasons. This helps to remove loose hairs from the undercoat and minimise shedding.

- Wire-haired breeds require hand-stripping with the hand stripping knife set, to maintain their coat's texture. Consult with a professional groomer or attend grooming classes to learn the proper techniques.

- Curly or wavy coated breeds may require regular trimming to prevent excessive hair growth. Consider purchasing the Clipit Quattro Cordless Clipper and 4 blades.

Remember, grooming should be a positive and bonding experience for both you and your dog. Take your time, use positive reinforcement, and make it a pleasant routine for them.

Conclusion: Understanding and appreciating the diversity of dog coat types

In conclusion, understanding the different dog coat types is crucial in providing proper care and maintenance for your furry friend. Whether you have a shorthaired, longhaired, double coated, or any other coat type, each comes with its unique set of characteristics and grooming requirements. If you want to know more on different coat types, then Why Deshedding Is A Must For A Dog's Daily Health is an excellent read.

By familiarising yourself with the specific needs of your dog's coat type, you can ensure their coats remain healthy, shiny, and free from matting or tangles. Regular grooming, including brushing, bathing, and occasional professional grooming, is essential in achieving this.

Remember, grooming not only keeps your dog looking their best but also contributes to their overall health and well-being. So, embrace the diversity of dog coat types, and enjoy the journey of caring for your beloved furry companion!


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