Are you a horse owner or enthusiast looking to learn the art of clipping? Look no further! In this comprehensive guide, we will take you through the entire process, from start to finish, of clipping horses.
Clipping horses is an important aspect of horse care, especially during the colder months when a thick winter coat can hinder performance and make grooming more challenging. Whether you're a seasoned horse owner or a novice, understanding the different types of clips and their purposes, as well as the proper techniques and tools to use, is essential to ensure a successful and stress-free clipping session.
This definitive guide will provide you with step-by-step instructions, valuable tips, and expert advice to help you achieve professional-looking results. We'll cover everything you need to know, including how to prepare your horse, choose the right clip for your needs, handle clippers safely, and maintain your horse's coat afterwards. By the end of this guide, you'll be equipped with the knowledge and skills to confidently clip your horse, enhancing both their appearance and well-being. So, let's dive in and master the art of clipping horses together!
Why clip horses?
Clipping horses serves several purposes that are essential to their overall well-being. One of the main reasons for clipping is to prevent your horse from overheating during exercise. Horses naturally produce heat when they move, and a thick winter coat can trap this heat, leading to discomfort and even heat exhaustion. Clipping helps regulate your horse's body temperature and allows them to cool down more efficiently. Additionally, clipping makes grooming easier and more effective by removing excess hair and preventing matting. It also helps prevent skin conditions and allows you to monitor your horse's overall health more easily. Overall, clipping horses is a crucial part of their care, ensuring they stay comfortable and healthy throughout the year.
Different types of horse clips
There are several types of horse clips, each with its own purpose and level of hair removal. The type of clip you choose will depend on factors such as your horse's workload, living conditions, and individual needs. Let's explore the most common types of clips:
1. Trace Clip: The trace clip involves removing hair from the underside of the neck, chest, and belly. This clip is suitable for horses in light to moderate work who still require some protection from the elements. 2. Blanket Clip: The blanket clip leaves a smooth layer of hair on the horse's back, neck, and hindquarters, while the rest of the body is clipped. This clip is ideal for horses in moderate to heavy work who need to stay warm during exercise. 3. Full Clip: The full clip involves removing all the horse's hair, leaving them with a sleek, show-ready appearance. This clip is suitable for horses in heavy work or those living in warm climates. 4. Hunter Clip: The hunter clip is a modified version of the full clip, where the hair is left longer on the horse's legs and a small patch is left on the chest for protection. This clip is commonly used for horses in work during the hunting season.
Tools and equipment needed for clipping
Before you begin clipping, it's important to gather all the necessary tools and equipment.
Here's a list of what you'll need:
1. Clippers: Invest in a good pair of clippers specifically designed for horses. Choose clippers with a powerful motor and adjustable blade settings to accommodate different hair lengths. 2. Blades: Have a selection of blades on hand, including a coarse blade for initial clipping, a medium blade for blending, and a fine blade for finishing touches. 3. Clipper Oil: Keep your clippers well-oiled to ensure smooth operation and prevent overheating. Apply oil regularly during the clipping process. 4. Extension Cord: Make sure you have a long extension cord to provide flexibility and reach all areas of your horse's body. 5. Grooming Tools: Gather grooming tools such as a curry comb, dandy brush, body brush, and mane comb to prepare your horse's coat before clipping. 6. Cooling/Cleaning Spray: Have a cooling, cleaning spray on hand to keep your clipper blades cool and free from hair. 7. Safety Gear: Wear appropriate safety hair resistant gear, including gloves, safety glasses, and sturdy footwear, to protect yourself from the splinter hair. The one garment everyone is wearing is the Clipit suit for full protection against horse hair. 8. Clean Towels: Keep clean towels nearby to wipe off excess hair and sweat from your face while clipping. Now that you have all the necessary tools and equipment, let's move on to preparing your horse for clipping.
Preparing the horse for clipping
Before you begin the clipping process, it's essential to prepare your horse properly. Here are the steps to follow: 1. Grooming: Start by thoroughly grooming your horse to remove any dirt, debris, and tangles from their coat. Use a curry comb or a pair of rubber gloves to loosen dirt, a dandy brush to remove loose hair, and a body brush to give the coat a final polish. 2. Bathing (essential): If your horse is particularly dirty or sweaty, it is essential you give them a bath before clipping. Use a horse-friendly shampoo, like Equaderm and make sure to dry them completely before starting the clipping process. 3. Choosing the Right Environment: Find a well-lit, clean, and spacious area for clipping. Always ensure you have adequate lighting, otherwise you will miss essential areas. A great light for this is the Portable LED light. Avoid areas with excessive dust or drafts that could irritate your horse or interfere with the clipping process. 4. Tying or Holding: Decide whether you'll tie your horse or have someone hold them during clipping. Ensure your horse is comfortable and secure to prevent any accidents or injuries. 5. Introduce the Clippers: Before turning on the clippers, let your horse see, smell, and feel them. Gently touch your horse's body with the clippers while they're turned off to familiarise them with the sensation. 6. Start Slowly: Begin clipping in less sensitive areas, such as the neck or shoulder, to allow your horse to get used to the vibration and noise of the clippers. Gradually work your way to more sensitive areas, such as the face and legs. Remember, patience and positive reinforcement are key during the preparation phase. Make sure your horse is relaxed and comfortable before proceeding to the actual clipping process.
Clipping techniques and best practices
Now that your horse is prepared, it's time to start clipping. Here are some essential techniques and best practices to follow:
1. Maintain a Steady Hand: Keep your hand steady and firm while holding the clippers. Avoid applying too much pressure, as this can cause discomfort and uneven clipping. 2. Follow Hair Growth: Always clip in the direction of hair growth to achieve a smooth and even finish. Going against the hair growth may cause irritation and leave unsightly clip lines.
3. Overlap Strokes: To ensure even hair removal, overlap each clipping stroke by about 20%. This helps blend the clipped areas and prevents patchiness. 4. Use Light Pressure: Let the clippers do the work. Apply light pressure and let the blades glide smoothly over your horse's body. Excessive pressure can cause discomfort and increase the risk of clipper burn. 5. Take Breaks: Clipping can be a tiring and time-consuming process, so make sure to take regular breaks to rest both you and your horse. This allows your horse to relax and prevents overheating. 6. Check for Heat: Periodically touch the blades to ensure they're not becoming too hot. If the blades feel warm, apply clipper oil to lubricate and cool them down. 7. Blend and Feather: After completing the main body clip, use a medium blade to blend the clipped areas with the unclipped areas. Feather the edges to create a natural transition. Following these techniques and best practices will help you achieve a professional-looking clip while minimising any discomfort or stress for your horse.
Common mistakes to avoid when clipping horses
Clipping horses can be a challenging task, especially for beginners. Here are some common mistakes to avoid:
1. Rushing: Take your time and avoid rushing through the clipping process. Rushing can lead to uneven clipping, missed spots, and potential accidents. 2. Neglecting Maintenance: Keep your clippers well-maintained by regularly cleaning and oiling them. Neglecting maintenance can result in poor performance and premature wear of the blades. 3. Clipping Wet Hair: Always make sure your horse's coat is completely dry before clipping. Clipping wet hair can cause the clippers to jam and create an uneven clip. 4. Ignoring Safety Precautions: Always wear appropriate safety gear and handle the clippers with care. Ignoring safety precautions can result in injuries to you or your horse. 5. Not Checking for Sensitivity: Monitor your horse's reaction throughout the clipping process. If you notice any signs of discomfort or sensitivity, stop and address the issue before proceeding.
By avoiding these common mistakes, you'll be on your way to achieving a successful and stress-free clipping session.
Aftercare for a clipped horse
Once you've completed the clipping process, it's important to provide proper aftercare for your horse. Here are some essential steps to follow:
1. Remove Loose Hair: Use a clean towel or soft brush to remove any loose hair from your horse's body. This helps prevent irritation and discomfort. 2. Apply Coat Conditioner: After clipping, your horse's skin may be more exposed to the elements. Apply a coat conditioner or oil to keep their skin moisturized and protected. 3. Monitor Temperature: Keep an eye on your horse's body temperature in the days following clipping. If they're feeling cold, consider using a lightweight blanket or sheet to provide some extra warmth. 4. Regular Grooming: Continue to groom your horse regularly to keep their coat clean, healthy, and free from matting. Use a soft brush or body brush to stimulate natural oil production and promote a shiny coat.
5. Adjust Feeding: Clipped horses may require additional feed or changes in their diet to maintain body condition and provide adequate energy. Consult with a veterinarian or equine nutritionist for specific feeding recommendations.
By providing proper aftercare, you'll help your horse stay comfortable and maintain their overall well-being after the clipping session.
Frequently asked questions about clipping horses
Q: How often should I clip my horse? A: The frequency of clipping depends on your horse's workload and the rate of hair regrowth. Generally, horses are clipped every 4-8 weeks during the winter months.
Q: Can I clip my horse in the summer? A: Clipping in the summer is generally not recommended, as horses need their natural coat to protect them from the sun and insects. However, some horses with certain medical conditions may require a summer clip under veterinary guidance.
Q: Can I clip my horse myself, or should I hire a professional? A: Clipping your horse yourself is possible with the right knowledge and equipment. However, if you're unsure or uncomfortable, it's advisable to seek the assistance of a professional clipper.
Q: How long does it take to clip a horse? A: The time it takes to clip a horse depends on various factors, including the type of clip, your experience, and your horse's behaviour. On average, it can take anywhere from 1-3 hours.
Q: Can clipping cause stress to my horse? A: Clipping can be a new and potentially stressful experience for some horses. Proper preparation, positive reinforcement, and patience can help minimize stress and make the process more comfortable for your horse.
Conclusion: Achieving a professional clip
Clipping horses is an essential skill for horse owners and enthusiasts alike. By understanding the different types of clips, preparing your horse properly, and following the correct techniques and best practices, you can achieve a professional-looking clip that enhances your horse's appearance and well-being. Remember to provide proper aftercare and continue regular grooming to keep your horse's coat healthy and comfortable. With practice and patience, you'll become proficient in the art of clipping horses and ensure your horse stays comfortable and stylish all year round. Happy clipping!
For all your horse clipping products, please visit Clipit Grooming.